Who is Winston Churchill ?
Also known as Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, Winston Churchill was the most legendary orator. He was a prolific writer, serious artist, and long-term British statesman. Although Winston Churchill served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, only He was famous for being the stubborn and direct leader of the war that his country led against the Nazis. Germany was the seemingly indomitable enemy during World War II.
Birth of Winston Churchill:
Winston Churchill was born in 1874 at his grandfather's home, at Blenheim Palace in Marlborough, England. His father is Lord Randolph Churchill, and his mother, Jenny Jerome, was a member of the British Parliament. She was an American heiress. Six years after Winston's birth, his brother Jack was born, but because Parents travel a lot and their busy social lifestyle. Winston Churchill spent most of his youth years with his nanny, Elizabeth Everest. In 1895.
At the age of eight, they sent Winston Churchill to a boarding school, but he was never an excellent student but he was popular and a troublemaker. In 1887, 12-year-old Winston Churchill was admitted to the prestigious Harrow School, where he began studying military tactics. The prestigious Harrow, Churchill was admitted to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1893 from which he graduated with distinction, becoming an officer in the cavalry.
Winston Churchill, Soldier and War Correspondent:
After seven months of basic training, Winston Churchill took his first vacation. Instead of going home to relax, Winston Churchill wanted to see the practical part of his studies; He traveled to Cuba to watch Spanish forces quell a rebellion there.
Winston Churchill did not go as an interested soldier, but made plans to be a war correspondent for the Daily Telegraph newspaper in London. This was the beginning of a long writing career, and when his vacation ended, Winston Churchill traveled with his band to India. About a lot of experiences, as Winston Churchill wrote his first book, "The Story of the Field Division", then Churchill joined Lord Kitchener's campaign in Sudan and after seeing a lot of events in Sudan, he summed up his experience in writing The River War.
But he wanted again to be in the arena of events, so in 1899 he was able to become a war correspondent for the Morning Post newspaper during the Boer War in South Africa. This war was an unforgettable experience for him. He was captured for nearly a month, but Winston Churchill managed to escape. .
Winston Churchill became a politician:
While he fought in all of these wars, Winston Churchill decided he wanted to help make policy, not just implement it, so when the 25-year-old Winston Churchill returned to England with both titles as a famous author and war hero, he was able to run successfully. For his election as a member of parliament and this was the beginning of his very long political career.
Winston Churchill soon became known as a tactful and energetic man, making speeches against tariffs and much in support of social changes for the poor. It soon became apparent that he was no longer working with the Conservative Party's tenets, and switched to the Liberal Party in 1904.
Dedication and competence earned Winston Churchill an excellent reputation and he was soon promoted. In 1910 Winston Churchill became Home Secretary, a very important position, but he was not satisfied with this. In October 1911 Winston Churchill became responsible for the British Navy, and worked hard to strengthen the British Navy in order to defeat Germany .
Winston Churchill family:
Although Winston Churchill was a very busy man, he made time for romance when he met Clementine Huysor in 1908. Winston Churchill and Clementine had five children and he remained married to Clementine until his death.
Winston Churchill and the First World War:
At first, when the war began in 1914, everyone was praising Churchill for the work Winston Churchill had done behind the scenes to prepare Britain for war, and soon things started to go wrong for Winston Churchill, because he was too active and determined to be part of the war. Everything and he loved to interfere in military matters, and many saw that Winston Churchill exceeded his position, and they blamed him when things went wrong and Britain lost in the Dardanelles campaign, so both the people and officials turned against him, which led to his transfer outside the government.
A contract in politics and a contract outside politics:
The twenties were indeed a decade of successes and failures for Winston Churchill as well. In 1921 Winston Churchill became Secretary of State for the Colonies and only a year later lost his seat in Parliament while in hospital with acute appendicitis.
Winston Churchill spent two years outside Parliament, but soon found himself leaning back towards the Conservative Party. In 1924, Winston Churchill again won a seat in Parliament, but this time with the support of the Conservative Party.
In addition to his political career, Winston Churchill spent a lot of time working on a six-volume work on World War I called The Crisis of the World, and went on to write a number of books including his autobiography, which he called (My Early Life) and continued to deliver speeches warning of the power of war. Germany, and by 1938, Winston Churchill began to speak out against British Prime Minister Chamberlain, who was allied with Germany.
Winston Churchill leads Britain in World War II:
When Nazi Germany attacked France on May 10, 1940, Chamberlain stepped down as British Prime Minister, and King George VI asked Winston Churchill to become Prime Minister. Only three days after his appointment, Winston Churchill gave a speech called "Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat This speech was just the beginning of many others, which served to boost the morale of the British and inspire them to continue the fight against a seemingly invincible enemy.
Winston Churchill motivated himself and everyone around him to prepare for war. He also courted the United States to join Britain in the fight against Nazi Germany. Despite his intense hatred of the communist Soviet Union, Winston Churchill realized that he needed their help.
Indeed, he was able to include both the United States and the Soviet Union, and through this accession, Winston Churchill was able to save all of Europe from the domination of Nazi Germany.
Getting out of power and then back in:
Although Winston Churchill has been given credit for inspiring his country to win World War II, by the end of the war in Europe, many felt that Winston Churchill had lost touch with the daily lives of the people. After suffering the people through years of hardship, he did not want to return to a hierarchical society. Which existed before the war in Britain, but they want change and equality.
On July 15, 1945, when the results of the national elections came and the Labor Party won, Winston Churchill resigned the next day from the post of Prime Minister at the age of 70, but he would not stop but continued his activity. In 1946 Winston Churchill went on a tour to give speeches and lectures in the United States and included His very famous speech “The Bonds of Peace” in which he warned of the “iron curtain closing in on Europe.” Besides speeches and lectures, he loved to relax in his home and paint. He also continued writing and began writing six volumes on World War II.
Six years after Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister, Winston Churchill was asked again to lead Britain, and indeed he agreed. On October 26, 1951, Winston Churchill began his second term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
During his second term as Prime Minister, Winston Churchill focused on foreign affairs because he was deeply concerned about the problem of the atomic bomb.
Retirement and death:
On April 5, 1955, the 80-year-old Winston Churchill resigned from the post of Prime Minister due to health problems, and finally, after his retirement, Churchill continued to write, and was able to finish the four volumes of the book “A History of the English-Speaking Peoples” from 1956 to 1958 Churchill continued to give speeches and paint, and during the last years of his life, Churchill received an impressive three prizes.
On April 24, 1953, Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II, making him Sir Winston Churchill. Later that year, Winston Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. In June 1962, Winston Churchill broke his hip muscle after falling from a chair. On the hotel bed where he was staying.
Ten years after the title of Knight named by the Queen, specifically on April 9, 1963, US President John F. Kennedy granted Winston Churchill honorary American citizenship.
But he soon suffered a stroke on January 10, 1965, and after falling into a coma, Winston Churchill died on January 24, 1965 at the age of 90.