Will artificial intelligence control the courts as well?

In the twentieth century, we are accustomed to the control of artificial intelligence in a group of fields. There are robots operating in space and others on the ground. We find that because of this scientific revolution, a group of professions that were practiced by humans in the past have disappeared. This development has also interfered in many professions, which reduced the human workforce, but Can we dispense with the lawyer or the judge to be replaced by a robot??

  There are claims that algorithms can accurately predict court decisions, and that we will no longer need human judges. But what do we already know about the use of artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence can be described as “allowing a machine to behave in a way that can be called intelligent. This is important for defining human intelligence as a measure of what AI does. Intelligence is the ability to think abstractly and logically, to discover, place and see interrelationships, to solve problems, to solve new tasks, to adapt flexibly to new situations, and to learn independently, without the need for a professor. For direct and complete instructions. 

Artificial intelligence, in order to function, needs "big data". Luc Julia , one of the creators of the digital assistant Siri, evokes this image, “If a machine could recognize a cat with 95% certainty, we would need about 100,000 images of cats.” This is why artificial intelligence has recently attracted a lot of attention. Artificial intelligence comes in many different forms, such as speech recognition and image recognition.

Courts and information technology

Administration of justice means: achieving justice in individual cases. The function of the judiciary is to process information; Where the parties provide information to the court, and shifts occur in the course of the procedures, so that the judge can reach a certain piece of information. Judgments and statements of inadmissibility are often made routinely; Many cases require a simple assessment without a hearing, and other issues are settled. While there remains a small percentage of cases that are considered complex and that the judiciary has to deal with.

In administrative and civil cases, the court adopts a method to deal with cases, which are:

First the complexity of the information in the case.

Secondly , the predictability of the outcome. There are many cases whose outcome can be easily predicted, and here comes the role of artificial intelligence, which produces judgment by an automatic process based on the data provided to it previously. 

Third : Providing the judgment document for implementation. Here, the Court primarily receives digital applications in which a party submits data digitally, so that they do not have to be manually re-entered. Moreover, if the outcome is predictable, the case may be treated partially or with artificial intelligence, precisely because the outcome is highly certain.

In family and work matters, there is also a large proportion of routine issues. With regard to divorce cases, digital registration is one of the basic requirements for information technology. In addition, the Smart File Portal can help the parties to take their case to court in the best possible manner.

For complex cases, a settlement is reached through software that can analyze the parties' views and provide the best outcome based on the parties' input. But in the event that the machine does not recognize such cases, the final ruling remains with the court judge.

Hence, in all complex cases, in which the judge or the panel must issue a judgment to terminate the case, the need for information technology remains only in the matter of accessing legal sources, and the digital case file

What can AI do for courts?

AI can be useful in many different ways to meet many requirements including:

1. Organizing information.

Recognizing patterns in documents and text files can be useful, for example when sorting large amounts of cases, or in complex cases that contain a lot of information. An example from the USA is “eDiscovery”, which is an automated investigation of electronic information for discovery, prior to the commencement of court proceedings. eDiscovery uses machine learning artificial intelligence, which learns through training. So what is the best algorithm capable of extracting relevant parts from a large amount of information? The parties agree to the search terms and the encryption they use. So that the judge evaluates and confirms the agreement. This is how to investigate documents recognized by the courts in the United States and the United Kingdom. It is faster and more accurate than manually searching for files.

2. Advice.

Artificial intelligence can be able to provide advice and be useful to people and parties to a lawsuit, who are looking for a solution to their problem, but do not yet know what they can do. Advisory AI can also be useful for legal professionals. 

The AI ​​not only searches for relevant information but also provides an answer to the question. Then the user decides for himself whether to act on the advice. This advisory function can help people solve more of their problems themselves and thus prevent and mitigate conflicts. 

3. Predictions.

Artificial intelligence that claims to be able to predict court decisions is attracting a lot of attention. In America, it is called "predictive justice".

 The term "prediction" is a more accurate description, reflecting current discussions. The result looks more like a weather forecast than an established fact. Just like the weather, court proceedings can lead to unexpected results. As the condition becomes more complex with more information and more cases, this risk increases. This is one of the reasons for the great interest in artificial intelligence, because it claims to be able to reduce risks and facilitate and speed up operations.

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