Types of processors in a computer

In today's world of technology, high speed and powerful performance have become a must. Especially when we talk about computers and computers. What determines the speed and performance of a computer? The answer is simply treatments, or to be more precise; Types of processors.

Why exactly the types of processors? Because it is the factor responsible for: speed, efficiency, effective performance, cache memory or what is known as cache. In addition to Multithreading, Clock Speed.

Of course, the other components of the computer, such as RAM, play an important role in the performance and speed of your computer. But the first major factor is the processor (CPU).

1- What is a Processor (CPU)

Processor, which is usually denoted by CPU, which is short for Central Processing Unit or Central Processing Unit. A tiny chip made of billions of microscopic transistors, this chip is an important core part in computers and even other programmable electronic devices such as smartphones.

The processor is the brain of the computer, which deals with all commands that are given from the hardware (other computer parts) or software (the operating system and programs). For example, when you type something on the keyboard, the processor receives input from the input device. And the keyboard in this case gives or executes the outputs through the output device. This is the screen display in this example.

These commands that the processor usually deals with are either in the form of arithmetic and logical commands, input/output (I/O) commands, or other basic commands.

In addition to this, the processor consists of two basic units, the arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) and the control unit (CU) and each of these units is internally composed of several components.

The control unit (CU) is responsible for fetching commands from the computer's RAM, then decoding them into binary commands (1 and 0) so that the computer can understand them. The Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU) is responsible for executing these commands and storing the output in main memory.

Finally, the best companies that produce the best quality, efficient and most reliable processors; They are Intel and AMD .

2- Types of processors

Now we turn to the most important part of this topic, these are the six types of processors that are used in computers of both types - desktop and laptop - as well as several other electronic devices such as mobile phones. which is next:

  • Single-Core CPU
  • Dual-Core CPU
  • Quad-Core CPU
  • Hexa-Core CPU
  • Octa-Core CPU
  • Deca-Core CPU

Now we will go over each one of these six lists. But before that, let me introduce you to the Core, so that you have a clearer picture.

What is the core?

To make it simple for you, here's an analogy; Suppose the processor (CPU) is a robot with six multiple hands. These hands are considered to be the cores.

If you give this robot a single task (for example, play a video), it will simply do it using only one hand. And if you assign him to perform 6 different tasks, he will perform these 6 tasks using his six hands. But if you give him only one task that is big and requires a lot of effort (for example, playing a huge video game), he will simply do it using all the six hands he has.

So the Cores are a group of multiple hands connected to the same body which is the CPU chip, and the higher the number of cores, the better the performance and speed of the processor.

You can also think of cores as multiple processing units on a single chip, with each core doing what it is capable of.

1) Single-Core processor

Single-core processor is the oldest type of processor, as the first single-core processor was launched by Intel in 1971 under the name Intel 4004 and its clock speed was 4.77 MHz, and the cache memory was 640 bytes, which is compared to today's processors. very slow.

A single core processor can only perform one task at a time, meaning it has only one hand as in the previous example. This makes single-core processors very bad at dealing with multitasking, or so-called multitasking, as you will notice a sharp drop in performance whenever you try to run several programs or several tasks simultaneously on your single-core computer. This is due to the slow clock speed of this type of processor.

Also, in single-core processors, the FIFO (First Come First Serve) model is used; This means that the upcoming processes are processed according to the priority rule, and the remaining processes wait until the first process completes.

2) Dual-Core processor

Unlike single-core processor, Dual-Core processor is faster and better performance, it is a single processor designed with two cores that work like two processors on one chip, they are connected to each other like an integrated circuit IC, and each of the two cores performs its tasks and jobs.

If you want your device to perform two tasks at the same time, for example playing a video clip and writing on a text document, one of the two cores will handle the task of playing the video, and the other core will handle the task of writing on the text document. In summary, the dual-core processor manages multitasking more effectively than the single-core processor.

The first Dual-core processor was launched by Intel in 2005 under the name Pentium D and its clock speed was 2.80 GHz, and the cache memory was 2 MB.

3) Quad-Core processor

You can think of a computer with a Quad-Core processor as having four processors rolled into one. These four cores work simultaneously to perform several tasks at the same time with high and fast performance; Which means that the Quad-Core processor is better than its predecessors - single and dual - in terms of managing tasks and multiple functions, as it divides the workload between the four cores.

The first quad-core processor was launched by AMD in 2009 under the name Athlon II X4 and its clock speed is 3 GHz, and the cache memory is 2 MB.

4) Hexa-Core processor

The first Hexa-core processor was launched by Intel in 2010 under the name Intel core i7-980X and its speed is 3.60 GHz, and the cache memory is 12 MB.

The Hexa-Core Hexa-Core processor is better than its predecessors in terms of performance and speed, as it was designed using a multi-processor architecture, and this architecture results in higher processing speed and better efficiency.

Likewise, the six-core processor contains six cores in one chip, which means that its ability to perform multitasking is better than previous processors - quad, dual and single - that contained fewer cores, and its data transfer speed will be higher.

5) Octa-Core processor

As is evident from the name, the Octa-Core processor is designed with a multiprocessor architecture and has eight cores, which means that it is at another level of speed and performance compared to the previous processors. Especially when it comes to managing several tasks at the same time, or as it is known as Multitasking because it divides the workload into eight cores at one time, you can imagine how easy it will be for the eight-core processor to deal with any group of multiple tasks.

An Octa-Core processor is usually made up of a dual set of Quad-Core processors, hence it is also known as a dual quad-core processor.

The first Octa-core processor was launched by Intel in 2014 under the name Intel Core i7-5960X and its speed is 3.50 GHz, and the cache memory is 20 MB.

6) Deca-Core processor

Last but not least, we conclude the list with the Deca-Core processor, which was launched for the first time by Intel in 2017 under the name Xeon Silver 4114T, and its speed is 3 GHz, and the cache is 13.75 MB.

Without going into detail, as is evident from the name, the deca-core processor comes with ten cores designed to give the best possible performance. Accordingly, deca-core processors are considered the most powerful types of processors and the best speed and performance of tasks, and for this reason they have caused a common uproar in the market since their issuance.

3- How to find out what type of processor (CPU) you have on your computer (Windows 10/11)

To find out what type of processor you have on your computer, and to find out the number of cores and other specifications on Windows 10 and Windows 11, follow these steps:

1. Right-click on the taskbar, then choose Task Manager from the list and click on it to open the task manager.

2. Then click on the Performance tab at the top.
3. Now you will find all the information about the CPU in front of you, including its full name, type, speed, number of cores, and so on. For example, my processor is dual-core because, as shown in front of you in the picture, it has two cores (2 Cores).

Types of mobile processors

Since the launch of smart phones in early 2005 until now, these devices continue to evolve in different aspects. Especially in terms of the processors used inside it. Because of the great development in the processing power of these devices, they are competing with some types of processors in the computer.

During the following paragraphs, we will talk about the types of processors that are very popular in mobile devices. Continue reading with us to know the description of these devices more accurately.

How does the mobile processor work?

The types of processors found in mobile devices work in a completely similar way to computers, in addition to having some minor differences from them. In general, the biggest difference between the types of processors used in computers and mobile phones is that mobile processors often have weaker performance than their computer counterparts. This is because mobile devices do not have large spaces inside to cool the processor, as is the case in computers.

Types of processors in the mobile

Not many companies manufacture mobile processors in general, and that is why the largest international companies depend on one company to manufacture their own phone processors. In addition, some companies manufacture the processors in their mobile devices themselves. Like Apple for example. As for the other companies, they use processors made by other famous companies, such as Qualcomm and MediaTek.

The most powerful types of mobile processors

In general, the processors in mobile devices differ from each other in a manner similar to the way the processors of computers differ. You can find processors with 4 cores, 6 cores, or 8 cores. But in general, processors with 10 cores are not manufactured for mobile phones, as is the case for computers.

And in case you want to get an idea of ​​the most powerful types of mobile processors, you only have to read the following paragraphs.

1- Qualcomm Snapdragon

Qualcomm is known as one of the largest manufacturers of mobile processors. Especially mobile devices with powerful and medium specifications. For many years, the largest manufacturers of mobile devices relied on Qualcomm processors to use them in mobile devices with high specifications, or even medium ones at times. Thus, Qualcomm and its Snapdragon processors are very popular.

Among the most prominent types of companies that rely on Qualcomm processors in their mobile devices, we mention Samsung and Xiaomi. In addition to many other manufacturers of Android mobile phones. Including Google itself.

2- Apple Bionic processors

Since Apple launched its first processor on iPhones, this processor has been very popular. This is because it has great performance and very, very high speed. What distinguishes these processors from other types of processors used in mobile devices is that Apple does not manufacture these processors for any other company. That is, mobile devices that use Apple Bionic processors are iPhones only.

Here we have come to the end of today's article. In which we talked about the different types of processors, whether mobile or computer processors. Don't forget to visit the ComputerG website to read more other technical articles with useful and educational topics.

  • Follow us through the Google News app to receive all that is new
  • تابعنا عبر تطبيق Google News
Next Post Previous Post
No Comment
Add Comment
comment url