The best way to treat obesity is to avoid it
The best way to treat obesity is to prevent obesity and not treat its symptoms, and this can be done through diet.
In one of the lectures at the annual conference of the American Endocrinologists Association (AACE). The director of the Obesity Department at Boston Children 's Hospital said in his lecture that doctors should use more resolute methods in dealing with overweight problems in children and adults, in order to avoid these conditions and their health complications. He also stated that, as with other diseases, a treatment plan must be tailored to each patient individually.
It was also mentioned at the conference that the best ways to lose weight are diet, exercise, and changing habits, but these methods are not suitable for all people. There are people who suffer from excess obesity, have risk factors and suffer from many diseases, who do not respond adequately to the usual treatment methods. In such cases, it is recommended to add a drug treatment.
There are currently two different types of medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for weight loss: Sibutramine and Orlistat.
Sibutramine reduces appetite by inhibiting the action of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. This medicine should not be used by people who suffer from heart problems or high blood pressure, and it is also forbidden to give this medicine to those who take certain medicines to treat mental disorders .
As for Orlistat , it reduces the absorption of fat in the intestine by up to 30% of the fat in food. These two types of pills have proven their efficacy, according to scientific studies.
Taking Sibutramine for a continuous year resulted in a weight loss of 5% of body weight in 34% of those taking this drug. Compared to that, the results of taking Orlistat were better, as it improved cholesterol levels and contributed to balancing diabetes.
Despite the efficacy of the drugs, the American doctor Corner stated: Doctors should prescribe these drugs only if the person's BMI is more than 27 (kg / square meter) and if the patient suffers from other diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes. In addition, the doctor must ensure that the other medicines that the patient is taking do not conflict with these medicines.
Although there are many drugs that are present today in the stages of research in addition to the two drugs mentioned above, the best way to treat obesity is to prevent obesity and not to treat its symptoms, and this can be done through diet.
The main cause of obesity in children and adults in the United States of America is a diet rich in sugar and complex carbohydrates, so the main way to prevent the aggravation of this phenomenon lies in changing the diet. In addition, another factor must be addressed, which is the glycemic index, which is an indicator that indicates a high level of sugar in the blood. There are certain types of foods with a high glycemic index, which leads to an increase in the level of sugar in the blood after eating them. These foods cause excess obesity, and the effort that is made in the diet must include eating foods with a low glycemic index, that is, foods that do not cause a sharp increase in the level of sugar in the blood.